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The Thinking behind One-Child Policy
发布时间:2015-06-10 浏览次数:

  

When the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, China had a population of 541.67 million. Because of the stabilization of society, production development, improvement of medical conditions, and a lack of awareness on the importance of birth control, China witnessed a rapid population increase to 806.71 million in 1969. Since the 1970s, the Chinese government has been implementing the policy of family planning, or “one-child policy”, hoping to control the population increase, improve population quality, promote the development of the economy and society, and protect the environment. However, the influence brought was rather complicated and the policy was recently relaxed. Of all those years, it keeps me wondering, what has one child policy brought about to our life?

 

 

For years, our typical on-screen family has looked something like this: Glowing parents doting over one precious child, and here comes the tagline showing “One hope” “One joy” “One responsibility”. In reality, however, the only child has become the pivot of parents’ whole lives and the parents are sparing no effort to meet their beloved children’s needs. Thus most of these young people turn out to be over-indulged and lacking in self-discipline. A great deal of violence incidents and drug problems are related to this impulsive group. Furthermore, one child policy has a great impact on the problem of empty nesters. When two only-children get married, one side of the families with only one child will have to become the empty nest family at least. What’s worse, if the only child accidentally dies, their parents will be certainly in the depth of despair. Last September, the body of a 20-year-old college junior Tong Shao was found stuffed in the trunk of her car, killed more than 6,500 miles from her home. Her body rotted in the heat for three weeks before the gruesome discovery. Like so many of today’s Chinese youth, Tong was born under Beijing’s one child policy. “We’ve given all our love to our daughter,” Shao Chunsheng said through an interpreter. “I feel my life is meaningless after losing her.” The third affect is that one child policy is out of step with world opinion. It is perhaps the most troublesome policy in China along with abortions, heavy fines and forced sterilization.

 

 

China has already begun to feel an unfolding crisis in terms of its population change,” says Wang Feng, a professor at Fudan University and a leading demographic expert on China. “ History will be looked back on to show the one child policy as the most glaring policy mistakes that China has made in its modern history.” Now the Party is in a race against the clock. China faces a rapidly aging population and shrinking workforce. In January 2014, China said it would allow couples to have a second baby if the mother or father was an only child themselves.

 

 

But, to the surprise of many, the new rules haven’t yet sparked a baby boom. As far as I am concerned, though the change is extraordinary, money is the crucial part of the problem, and time and energy are also important. It is hard enough for parents to raise only one child successfully. Great changes won’t happen overnight. It is impossible to predict exactly the future of this policy. But China is sure to have a take big step on it.

 

(Editor: Wu Shuguang Source: English Net)

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