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The Immortal Moment: The Art of Photography
发布时间:2015-06-10 浏览次数:

It is hard to resist the temptation of taking a photo as long as one is perfect in front of the camera. Actually, taking a photo is a kind of a magic while the momentary scene is captured by camera and fixed on a piece of photo forever. That is, however, a new way we find to break the limitation of time, and that is why I consider it a great invention in the world.


The word Photography was from Greek. Phos (φω in Greek), means the light, while the graphis (γραφι), represented the meaning of drawing. This tells the significant characteristic of photography, which is drawing with light. Light is very important to photo taking. Photograph take advantage of the film that sensitive to light, making exposure on the film and the exposure can record the details of the illuminant, that, however,  is how the camera works.


For centuries, people used painting to record what they saw and to express their feelings by lines and colors. But paints have some disadvantages. It takes time to draw and most of the time, it was handicapped by the skill of the drawer. Because of the subjectivity, Paints were hard to be the best recorder of the truth. So there comes the need for a convenient way to improve the situation.


The first photo was taken by Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce. Based on the development of chemistry and optics in the past centuries, Joseph, the scientist from France, took the photo in his hometown Le Gras in 1826. The photo reflected the yard and outdoor scenery that could be seen from the window of his home. Joseph named the photo Window At Le Gras, which also meant holding the good memory without hand-painted. Although for today, the photo was so hazy to recognize that someone said it seems that the photo was taken on a dumpy train at the night time. However the photo was, it was the first photo in the world. The next hundred of years had witnessed the growth of photograph. Billions of photos were token in the past two hundred years after the first one.


In the old times, it takes high price to take a photo. Films is necessary in photo-taking. What the biggest limitation of photograph was that all the films are one-off, adding  difficulties to take a photo. Generally speaking, there were 36 pieces in a roll of photo film. That is to say, each shutter release was precious. Actually, taking a photo would not be easy. Sometimes people could not take what they want to reach their satisfaction because of unable to take the photo at the perfect time, and they had to retake the same thing again and again , which could be ended up with a waste of films.


Also, camera was once a kind of luxury goods. Only the high-class or the rich could have the priority to take a photo. The camera was a clumsy thing, both inconvenient to carry and complicated to operate.


The development of science had brought down the production cost of camera and films, which made great changes to photograph. The cheaper price it cost, the more people it attracts. The shape and appearance of camera had changed a lot: it fit the taste of times and easy to carry. All this made it possible to bring the photograph into family.


In the first ten years in the 21th century, the diffused of electronic product changed people’s life a lot. Digitization had become an inescapable development tend: so do photography. The famous film company Koda, which experienced prosperity and decline with the development of photography, suffered from the revolution of digitization. Now the digital camera is common in everywhere, even children can have their own camera. Instead of rolls of films, tiny SD card is used to restore photos, and the picture we take can be convenient review on the screen. Moreover, mobile is another important photography tool. All the transformation which raise up big differences in photo taking is breaking the old limitation in the old time, more convenient and more powerful.


Photos have distinctive meaning to history and the other aspect to our live. As we can easily tell from our feeling, the picture is much more visualized which makes people much easier to understand, comparing with article. As the old saying goes, seeing is believing. People tend to believe the message that reflects in photo. While in writing, the writer can add his own emotion and idea to his words consciously or unconsciously, which, however, could be subjective, and this can sometimes result in misunderstanding to history. Photos can decrease the distortion in message spreading, and its’ lower threshold of message acquire also help overcome the reading hinder of some people.


Despite the advantages mentioned above, I think photo taking plays an important role in a family. Photo is the most important recorder of a family. It holds the memory, draws down the most beautiful moment and makes yesterday once more. No matter where you are, whoever you are with, one can always regain the feeling through the photos, which can bring the memory back. The growth of the children, the reunion of the family, all the happy moments are fixed on the photos and they will be the brightest property of the family.


Taking photo is necessary during a journey. People tend to prefer taking photos to hold the beautiful scenery and leave some good memory. An interesting phenomenon is that few people would refuse to take a photo even a person who is averse to it generally. The glamour of photograph can be told by this. But anyone who took photos can find that taking a photo satisfactorily is easy to say than do. As many others subjects, photography requires skills and methods. There are some rules should be obey while taking a photo. One who wants to cultivate the skill of photograph should pay more attention to these three key points:


The composition of a photo.  Generally speaking, people like to put the item which they want to emphasize in the middle of the photo. However, putting the item in the center won’t get the best effect and this kind of composition is somehow clumsy. Assume that there are four lines in the image you want to take, two of whom are straight while the other two are horizontal, which divides the scene into 9 parts averagely. We can get four crosses of the four lines. Put the leading role on the four place could achieve the best effect. We should always try to keep the balance of the composition of a photo. A photo which is on a slant could cause uncomfortable feeling to the viewer. Also, the means of contract can make the key point stand out. Big and small, far and near, reasonable scheduling the elements in photo, you may be in for a surprise.


The use of color.  It has been proved that different colors can cause different feeling towards people. The warm color, like red and yellow, can make people feel the feeling of spring, happy, heat, and other positive feelings. On the other hand, the cool color, like green and blue, is quiet and cold, the same as the feeling of winter. These basic knowledge of drawing is also useful to photography. The color of the photo can also raise up feelings of people. Photos in black and white are also an adorable favor of people. The photo taker can tell a wonderful story by the use of color.


The schedule of light. Light is another important part in photo taking. Taking photos is said to be drawing with light, which explains why light is vital. With the changes of light, brightness and shadow depicts different contours. The sunlight is the best helper of photo taking, which makes the color more natural and bright. Nevertheless, the use of light should be within limitation, otherwise too much light can result in a mess of white in the photo.


Photo taking requires practice. A good photographer needs to accumulate experience continually in daily. Taking a photo could be a fantastic experience. Someone said that, “As photographer, one will eventually old, will die. But the photos he took may never disappear, even permanent survival. The stories behind the pictures may be deeply touched generations of people.” Photograph, in others words, is a special way to love life. The famous photographer Ansell Adams said that, “We don't make a photograph just with a camera, we bring to the act of photography all the books we have read, the movies we have seen, the music we have heard, the people we have loved.”

 

Editor: Li Meng Source: English Net

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